It is easy say that ” Enterprise ” is in synonym to which can be industrial or government institutions, the difficult part is to explain that “Enterprise” is organic similar to a living thing. The EA community have tried very hard to define what is “Enterprise” ? By dictionary definition and origin of “Enterprise”, Enterprise Architecture is consider as a boldness or readiness in undertaking; advanturous spirit; ingenuity to transform an organization.
- boldness or readiness in undertaking; adventurous spirit; ingenuity.
- a company organized for commercial purposes; business firm.
THE BIG PICTURE OF “ENTERPRISE” DEFINITION
In the debate of “what is Enterprise?” , every one explain enterprise based on the part they have touched under ” the blind man and elephant” approach. The EA community, to eat our own dog food, should take a big picture approach to define “Enterprise” . LEA suggest to define “Enterprise” based on the following framework.
Enterprise means “Organization”
Under the context of Enterprise Architecture, “Enterprise” means “Organization” which can be an Governmet Department, agency, institution, corporation and company
Enterprise means the whole which may refers to:
- Holism, (from holos, a Greek word meaning all, entire, total) the idea that all the properties of a given system cannot be determined or explained by the sum of its component parts alone
Enterprise is an organic whole
Enterprise is an organic whole which is not necessary to be large in size. For example, elephant is an organic whole, and little bird or ant or amoiba are organic whole.
Enterprise is a complex adaptive system
The Cynefin framework draws on research into complex adaptive systems theory in the answers to some fundamental questions about living, adaptable, changeable systems. It “explores the relationship between man, experience and context” and proposes new approaches to communication, decision-making, policy-making and knowledge management in complex social environments. It is a theory based on influence relationships, emergence, patterns and iterations. A theory that maintains that the universe is full of systems, weather systems, immune systems, social systems etc and that these systems are complex and constantly adapting to their environment.
SEE THE SAME PATTERNS REPRODUCED IN ALL LEVEL OF ENTERPRISE
Macrocosm and Microcosm
Macrocosm and Microcosm is an ancient Greek Neo-Platonic schema of seeing the same patterns reproduced in all levels of the cosmos, from the largest scale (macrocosm or universe-level) all the way down to the smallest scale (microcosm or sub-sub-atomic or even metaphysical-level). The Greeks were philosophically concerned with a rational explanation of everything and saw the repetition of the golden ratio throughout the world and all levels of reality as a step towards this unifying theory. In short, it is the recognition that the same traits appear in entities of many different sizes, from one man to the entire human population. This philosophy is also observed by the ancient Chinese culture, India culture and the Leibniz Doctrine which was the resource that developed into the Field theory. based on the philosophy of Macrocosm and Microcosm.
Indra’s net is the Buddhist version of the Macrocosm and Microcosm Indra’s net (also called Indra’s jewels or Indra’s pearls) is a metaphor used to illustrate the concepts that every individual reflect the whole universe The metaphor of Indra’s net was developed by the Mahayana Buddhist school in the 3rd century scriptures of the Avatamsaka Sutra, and later by the Chinese Huayan school between the 6th and 8th century.. The following picture illustrate that every morning dew drops reflecting the universe.
Modern physic use Quantum theory as the common pattern of the universe
By the late Twenties quantum theorists had solved in elaborate detail the most pressing physics problem of that era–how light interacts with atoms, Each new predicative success made quantum physicists bolder. With this apparently invincible theory in hand, quantum theorists searched for new worlds to conquer, Exposed for almost 80 years to potential falsification on a thousand different fronts, quantum theory has passed every test that three generations of Nobel-hungry scientists can devise. On all levels accessible to experiment, quantum theory generates flawless predictions for every single one of matter’s quirky operations.
EA do not have to be deficult by adopting similar patterns. For example : The Zachman framework
The EA community have adopted the Zachman framework as the common pattern of Enterprise Architecture without a good explaination. The holistic definintion of “Enterprise” can be a solid foundation on the magic of the Zachnan framework. Most EA methods have evolved on the Zachman framework not because of it is the best practice but because of it is an generic holistic analysis framework. The Five Ws, Five Ws and one H, or the Six Ws are questions whose answers are considered basic in information-gathering. They are often mentioned in engineering design, journalism, research and police investigation. It constitute a formula for getting the complete story on a subject. Mr. Zachman established the Zachman frame based on his observation on the generic analysis method.
APPLY ENTERRRISE ARCHITECTTURE TO ALL LELVEL OF ORGANIZATIONS
Enterprise Architecture is not only for large organization but also for the sub component of the Enterprise, this mean that every organization under an large organiztion can use Enterprise Architecture method to transform their business. EA is more a holistic architecture method rather than a frozen enterprise wide blueprint. EA is not only for an large businesses but also for small businesses. As a matter of fact, small business can benefit from EA by learning the right experiences from the same line of business without reinventing wheel.
EA in Political Science
In human society, state government, local government, Family share the similar social pattern with a country government. Each level is functional whole rather then mechanical part.
EA in business ecosystem
In a corporation, each subdivision and branches is a functional whole instead of a mechanical part as shown in the following figure. Therefore, each organization can used enterprise architecture approach to transform their business.
EA in Government environment