EA to transform Business in an Engineering and Holistic approach
Dariene D. Collins said in Holistic Approach to Business: A New Paradigm for Prosperity said. Royer (1997) suggests that holism is an approach to conducting business that requires the organization to know its purpose, understand its purpose, and act on its purpose. In a study of holism in the work environment, Molinaro (1997) suggests that the western world view which focuses on materialism, technology, and power is causing many of the global problems the world is experiencing, and he states, “If we are to resolve our global problems we must redefine the role of work, so that it is more humane, spiritual, and ecological.”
Figure 1. NIST EA Model
- an organization have to know who are customers, the market demand and customer needs;
- The second layer is to design their service catalog for them to comprehend the offering form the enterprise.;
- The third layer is to align the enterprise business capability with the enterprise service catalog; This model clearly distinguish business capability and business activities. Enterprise Architect define the enterprise base on business capabilities instead of activities.
- The fourth layer is to align business operation with business capabilities where business activities is the mean to support end of customer need, service catalog and business capabilities. Business operation consist of activity modeling, function analysis and business processes.
- The bottom layer of the pyramid is to align the enterprise resources of human, finance and technology to support the enterprise operation. This model shows that IT EA is only a part of the enterprise rather than the whole enterprise. There are also human resources EA and financial EA.
- The big moon suggest that management as “Coherence seeking” as said by Michael Lissack, of The Institute for the study of Coherence and Emergence. where coherence is as defined by Antonovsky in 1979: “The extent to which one has a pervasive, enduring though dynamic, feeling of confidence that one’s environment is predictable and that things will work out as well as can reasonably be expected.”
The concept of Enterprise
Pavel Hrabe divide enterprise into three area:
- – Motivation: Strategy – where people want to go, Performance – how much they want to achieve in this direction, Risks – what they are afraid and want to avoid, Regulation&Sustainability- what is limiting their way.
- – Execution: Products – what with value are people delivering, Activities – what functions, services, processes, projects and events lead to results, Organization – how are people localized & organized, Relationship – with whom they are doing business.
- – Resources (what enables to act): People – and their social relationship and tacit knowledge, Information&Knowledge, Asset – including all kinds of technology, including IT, license &rights and finally Other assets&liabilities like ownership shares.
The Tom Grave’s concept of Enterprise
The LEA concept of Enterprise
THE CONTENT OF THIS SECTION
This section analyze the enterprise business architecture in the following chapters
- Business Service
- Business capability
- Business activities
- Business resources